Friday, October 18, 2019

Anemia Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words

Anemia - Research Paper Example Also, the main methods of treatment which lies in blood oxygen balance restoration or transfusion were characterized. Another way of treatment is to provide the necessary amount of iron, which is necessary for the correct functioning of hemoglobin. Anemia is a pathological condition characterized by a decrease in the number of red blood cells and (or) hemoglobin per unit volume of blood (Halwachs-Baumann, 2012). Possible to speak about anemia as a condition that is characterized by a decrease in the formation of red blood cells or an increase in their degradation, or a combination of both factors. Red blood cells and hemoglobin, which is contained in them, play an important function of transporting oxygen to the tissues. Thus, reducing the number of red blood cells and hemoglobin causes insufficient provision of oxygen to tissues. Acute posthemorrhagic anemia. Acute posthemorrhagic anemia is caused by rupture or erosion of the vessel wall through mechanical trauma, ulcerous disease of stomach, pulmonary tuberculosis and bronchiectasis. Color index = 0,85-1,1. Lack of qualitative and quantitative changes in erythrocytes is observed. Abrupt decrease in the number of circulating red blood cells causes hemic hypoxia to which kidneys respond by increased synthesis of erythropoietin. This peptide is a hormone of erythropoiesis and its role lies in stimulating the formation and maturation of erythroblasts in the bone marrow. Proliferation of erythroid sprout becomes noticeable at 4 and 6 days after hemorrhage. In the blood the number of reticulocytes and polychromatic red blood cells increases and also appears rare normocytes. These changes indicate a high regenerative ability of the bone marrow. It changes color to bright red and juicy color. Yellow fatty bone marrow turns to red one and becomes rich in erythropoie tic cells. Also, the

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